We spend a lot of money and time satisfying our needs may it be how we appear or our physical health but it is equally important to take care of our mental health as well. A healthy body consists of a healthy mind. Now-a-days everyone is multi tasking in life whether it is oscillating between work and home or school and co-curricular activities. Nobody wants to take a break and let anyone else go ahead of them and this very fight for being on top has lead to many mental health problems.
It is one reason why mental health problems are increasing nowadays because people don’t pay much attention to it. Either they feel it’s natural to have prolonged sadness or anxiety or they are scared to share about it thinking that people will consider them abnormal and would ask them to take appointments from doctors which even though is expensive but is actually the right thing to do. But people need to normalize the issue of mental health. The most common mental issues are depression and anxiety. If not diagnosed and taken seriously they may take serious forms and may lead to self harm. With the increasing amount of stress and competition for perfection mental health does not target a particular age group or strata of the society, we all are potential victims of mental health and by ignoring its symptoms we are only promoting it.
- Dopamine is related to experiences of pleasure and the reward-learning process. In other words, when you do something good, you’re rewarded with dopamine and gain a pleasurable, happy feeling.
- Serotonin is a neurotransmitter associated with memory and learning. Researchers believe it plays a part in the regeneration of brain cells, which has been linked to easing depression. An imbalance in serotonin levels results in an increase in anger, anxiety, depression and panic and hence becomes a reason for increasing mental health problems.
- Norepinephrine helps moderate your mood by controlling stress and anxiety.
Abnormalities in how the brain receives and processes these chemicals can have a big effect on your emotions. For example, when you do something rewarding or pleasurable, the part of your brain that processes that information interacts with the chemical dopamine. If your brain can’t receive dopamine normally, the result is that you feel less happy — or even sad — after what should have been a happy experience. Studies of people with major depressive disorder (MDD) have shown that they have fewer serotonin receptors in their brains.
Past experiences fill in a lot of details about why and how certain mental health problems arise for people. Usually unhealthy experiences lead to such outcomes and cause long lasting traumas or issues if not diagnosed on time.
It is important to know that what works for one person may not work for another; this is especially the case with mental health. The majority of experts say that a well-informed patient is probably the best judge of what treatment suits them best but that doesn’t mean one will self medicate and make the matters worse.
How antidepressants work on your brain:-
Because neurotransmitters have such an impact on your emotions, tweaking the amounts of certain brain chemicals can help relieve symptoms of depression. That’s how most antidepressants work — they change how much of a certain brain chemical your brain gets. Some do this by reducing the reuptake (re-absorption into the neuron it was released from) of serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine or a combination of these chemicals, which raises their levels in your brain and improves your mood.
Some common suggestions for mental health treatment:-
- Psychotherapy (talking therapies) – this is a psychological approach to treating mental illness. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), exposure therapy, and dialectical behaviour therapy are examples. Many online sites and NGO’s these days provide with a database of psychologists who charge very less or even nothing for students so that they don’t have to worry about being able to afford mental health. Take the prescribed medicines according to the doses.
- Even after understanding what a mental health issue is we also need to normalize it rather than making it complicated and unwelcoming for people who try to approach for help. Being a good listener is another way to help somebody by providing them with good advice.
- Writing down feelings and sharing them with friends and family helps a lot. Try to indulge yourself into various activities such as drawing, painting and many such others as they help in diverting the mind and enrich creativity as creative mind is a sign of good mental health.
- As anxiety is a complex medical condition, recommendations for treating the condition are multifaceted. Of course, the most common form of treatment “as with most medical conditions” is prescription medication. Anxiety is a byproduct of intricate brain activity, and these medications seek to rebalance associated brain chemicals. Promisingly, natural treatment in the forms of meditation, Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR), and even regimentation of nutritional and exercise habits have shown tremendous promise.
The need of the hour is to normalise the issues of mental health and educate people about them. Even as friends, family members and colleagues we should provide that space for people to seek help and not feel discomforted.